Association of Seminal Plasma Level of NLRP3 Inflammasome Protein with Quality of Seminal Fluid Parameters Among Infertile Men
حيدر فيصل غازي
Authors : Nuha A. Younis, Haider F. Ghazi, Ula A. AL-Kawaz, Hussain Kh. Kadhem
Background:inflammasome protein govern the inflammatory process. The ele- vation of NLRP3 inflammasome might be related to bad seminal fluid analysis results. Objectives:This study aimed to evaluate seminal plasma NLRP3 protein and its relation with seminal fluid analysis parameters before and after in vitro sperm activation. Patients and Methods: a total of 50 infertile patients were collected form higher institute of infertility diagnosis and assisted reproductive technique, there se- men samples were processed for seminal fluid analysis before and after in vitro sperm activation. NLRP3 inflammasome protein were measured in seminal plas- ma. Results:the mean level of NLRP3 protein was 5.12 ng/ml. the higher level of NLRP3 protein (4.5ng/ml) associated with lower sperm concentration, grade A, B, C and higher level of grade D motility. However, 50% of those patients have an improvement in their seminal fluid analysis after in vitro sperm activation. Conclusion:Elevation of NLRP3 protein in seminal plasma may be associated with the increased leukocytospermia, bad sperm quality and unresponsiveness to in vitro sperm activation among infertile male.

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