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Molecular Detection of Epstein-Barr Virus and Human Herpesvirus-6 in a Sample of Iraqi patients with Acute Leukemia
اروى مجاهد عبد الله
Authors : Arwa Mujahid Al-Shuwaikh, Dalya Basil Hanna, Asmaa B. Al-Obaidi, Ghaith Ali Jasim
The pathogenic roles of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in acute leukemia have been of great interest. Patients with leukemia should be evaluated for viral infection, so they could be diagnosed for optimal therapy. In the current study, we aimed to determine the frequency of HHV-6 and EBV in a sample of Iraqi patients with acute leukemia in children and adults before chemotherapy. Fluorescent probe-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) method was used to quantify HHV-6 and EBV DNA copies in 20 cases of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 20 cases of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 40 cases of hematologically healthy control subjects. Also, the effects of viral infection on hematological parameters were investigated. Results shows that (47.5%) 19 out of 40 of patients at diagnosis were positive by at least one of the viruses tested. Thirteen (32.5%) and 12 (30%) out of 40 patients with acute leukemia had positive EBV and HHV-6 viremia, respectively. While none of control group shows positive result with highly significant differences between patients and control groups (P<0.001). The mean EBV and HHV-6 viral load was (7737.615 ± 9106.838 copies/ml) and (94393.58 ± 214528.9 copies/ml), respectively. In this study, there was no significant association between viral infection and hematological parameters (P>0.05). In conclusion EBV and HHV-6 infections or co-infections may be a factor involved in development of acute leukemia but further studies are needed to confirm whether there is a causal relationship.

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2020